National & Royal Anthems of Thailand

National Anthem of Thailand

“Phleng Chat Thai” – “เพลงชาติไทย”

“Phleng Chat Thai”, the current National Anthem of Thailand, is the latest and longest running of many National Anthems used in the history of Siam/Thailand.

Thailand’s first National Anthem, “Jom Raj Jong Charoen” (Long Live the King), was written by Phraya Sri Sunthornvoharn. King Rama II composed and wrote the second National Anthem, “Bulan Loy Luen” (Moving Moon).

The third National Anthem, “Phleng Sansasoen Phra Barami” (A Salute to the Monarch) is still in use today as the Royal Anthem, but in 1932 it ceased being the National Anthem.

In July 1932 Peter Feit, known in Thailand as Phra Jenduriyang, composed “Chart Mahachai” the fourth National Anthem. The lyrics written by, Khun Wichitmatra were subsequently rewritten two years later by Chan Kamwilai.

When the Kingdom’s name was changed from Siam to Thailand in 1939, it was decided new lyrics should be written. The new lyrics written by Luang Saranuprapan have been unchanged since this date.

“Phleng Chat Thai” – “เพลงชาติไทย”

Around this time, it was ordered that the National Anthem must be played twice a day, at 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m, when the National Flag is also to be raised and lowered. Thai citizens must stand and show respect for the Kingdom when the National Anthem is heard. This law remains in force today.

National Anthem of Thailand – Lyrics
Thailand embraces in its bosom all people of Thai blood.
Every inch of Thailand belongs to the Thais.
It has long maintained its sovereignty,
Because the Thais have always been united.
The Thai people are peace-loving,
But they are no cowards at war.
They shall allow no one to rob them of their independence,
Nor shall they suffer tyranny.
All Thais are ready to give up every drop of blood
For the nation’s safety, freedom and progress. Hurrah!

National Anthem – Sheet Music

national anthem, thailand, culture, respect, silent, stand

Royal Anthem of Thailand

“Phleng Sansasoen Phra Barami” – “เพลงสรรเสริญพระบารมี”

Thailand is one of only a few monarchies to have a separate anthem for the Royal Family, in addition to the National Anthem for the citizens. The Thai Royal Anthem is performed at state occasions, public meetings and when a high-ranking member of the Royal Family is present for a function.

It is unclear who composed the music of this Anthem; possibly, Russian composer; Pyotr Schurovsky, Dutch composer; Hevutzen or it is possibly a traditional Thai melody.
The lyrics for the Royal Anthem, written by Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs, the brother of the King, were revised by order of King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in 1913.

 “Phleng Sansasoen Phra Barami” – “เพลงสรรเสริญพระบารมี”

This Anthem, “Phleng Sansasoen Phra Barami”, was officially the Royal and National Anthem between 1913 and 1932.

Royal Anthem of Thailand – Lyrics
We, subjects of Our Excellent Lord,
bend our heads and minds in deepest homage
to Your Majesty whose merits are boundless
Great Descendent of the Celestial Line,
Sovereign Monarch of Siam,
may your greatness extend in time.
Your bounteous care shelters our heads.
Your merits harbour us in happiness.
May every hope in Your Majesty’s heart
be realized in every way
as in this loyal wish to our Sovereign King.
Chaiyo (Bravo)

Unofficial translation by Khungying (Dama) Chamnongsi Rutnin

Royal Anthem – Sheet music

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